The British Psychological Society (BPS) was founded at University College London with the aim of advancing 'scientific psychological research, and to further the co-operation of investigators in the various branches of Psychology.'
Today, the British Psychological Society operates under royal charter as the 'representative body for psychology and psychologists in the UK...responsible for the development, promotion and application of psychology for the public good.' Originally consisting of just 10 founder members the BPS now has over 50,000, of whom more than 18,000 are fully qualified Chartered Psychologists.
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Edwin Garrigues Boring was born. An eminent experimental psychologist and renowned historian of psychology, Boring famously combined his major academic passions in 1929 with the publication of his acclaimed classic 'A History of Experimental Psychology' in which he asserts the contention that 'sophisticated psychology requires a historical orientation.' Boring is also known for his work on visual perception, in particular ambiguous figures; such as the ubiquitous young woman, old woman figure which Boring originally reported on in The American Journal of Psychology in 1930.
Edwin Boring joined the Faculty at Harvard University in 1922, serving as Director of the Psychological Laboratory from 1924 to 1949 before retiring in 1956 as the Edgar Pierce Emeritus Professor of Psychology. Among his many notable achievements, Boring served as president of the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1928, was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1932 and was listed as one of the 100 most eminent psychologists of the 20th century by the APA in 2002.
Julian Rotter was born. One of the most cited psychologists in the history of modern psychology, Rotter's research was instrumental in establishing social learning theory and the concept of locus of control as major areas of psychological investigation. A highly respected academic, Rotter's seminal work 'Social Learning and Clinical Psychology' was published in 1954 and in 1963 he became the Program Director of Clinical Psychology at the University of Connecticut, where he remained until his retirement in 1986.
In 1988 Julian Rotter received the American Psychological Association (APA) award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions 'for his pioneering social learning framework that transformed behavioral approaches to personality and clinical psychology.' The APA also named Rotter as one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century; the official announcement of which stated: 'An inspiring model for the rigorous theory-guided analysis of the most complex human behavior, Julian Rotter, by his writing, teaching, and personal example, won the admiration and gratitude of a generation of students, clinicians, and scholars, and profoundly changed theory and practice in the field.'
Nadine Lambert was born. A renowned researcher within educational settings, Lambert was the founder of the University of California, Berkeley's doctoral program in school psychology and served as director of this innovative program from 1965 until 2004.
The recipient of many honors in the course of an esteemed career, Lambert received the Distinguished Professional Contributions Award from the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1986 in recognition that her 'research on the social and the psychological antecedents of various childhood and adolescent mental health problems, as well as her work with hyperactive children, has contributed significantly to the improved treatment and understanding of many childhood and adolescent behavioral problems.'
In 1998 the National Association of School Psychologists named Nadine Lambert a 'Living Legend,' and in 2005, she was awarded the APA Division 16 Senior Scientist Award for long-standing and exceptional contributions to the science of school psychology.
John Dewey was born, an eminent philosopher, psychologist and champion of progressive educational and social reform, Dewey is widely considered as one of the 20th Century's greatest thinkers. A prolific writer, Dewey published influential works across a range of topics including; instrumentalism, pedagogy, epistemology, political theory, religion, pragmatism and ethics.
Among his many professional accolades, John Dewey served as president of the American Psychological Association in 1899, was awarded the prestigious Columbia University Butler Medal in 1935 for 'the distinguished character and continued vitality of his contributions to philosophy and education' and in 1968 was featured on a 30 cent stamp issued by the United States Post Office Department as part of their Prominent Americans series.
John Dewey died on the 1st June 1952 aged 92. His obituary in the New York Times noted that the best description of him was be found in the editorial written to mark his eightieth birthday: Namely, 'there are countless school children today and yesterday whose lives have been influenced in a constructive way by this one man who never shouted, and whose formally stated philosophy often is a stiff dose for more subtle minds.'
Lois Stolz was born. A pioneer in the field of childhood education and development, Stolz served as the first president of the National Association of Nursery Education in 1929 and as the first woman to chair the Committee for the National Society for the Study of Education oversaw a landmark publication on Preschool and Parental Education; which proved instrumental in stimulating interest and groundbreaking research within child development.
In the course of a long and distinguished academic career, Stolz worked as a research associate at the Institute of Child Welfare at the University of California at Berkeley before joining the faculty of psychology at Stanford University in 1944 where she remained until her retirement in 1957. A highly respected author, 'Your Child’s Development and Guidance' published in 1940 is widely cited as Lois Meek Stolz's most important publication.