Donald Olding Hebb was born. A profoundly influential figure within the field of neuropsychology, Hebb's seminal text 'The Organization of Behavior' published in 1949 introduced many pioneering neuropsychological concepts such as the 'dual trace mechanism' which inspired a raft of groundbreaking research into brain function mechanisms of learning and memory.
Among his many professional career highlights, Hebb served as president of the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1960, received the APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award in 1961 and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1966.
Clifford T. Morgan was born. Professor of psychology at the University of Texas, Morgan was renowned for his cutting edge work within the field of physiological psychology. His groundbreaking text on the subject 'Physiological Psychology' first published in 1943 remained on the essential reading lists of most related psychology programs for decades.
Morgan was also a passionate advocate of scientifically rigorous research within psychology, most notably demonstrated in his role as a founding figure and inaugural chairperson of the Psychonomic Society.
Georg E. Müller was born. A pioneering figure in the early days of modern psychology, Müller is best known for his revolutionary research within the field of psychophysics and memory which became firmly entrenched within American experimental psychology.
A truly prolific writer, Müller's work consisted of over 6000 published pages, the vast majority of which not only appeared in the leading scientific journals of day, but also served to expand the investigative boundaries of psychological science.
The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) was first published. Adapted from the Wechsler-Bellevue intelligence test for adults, The WISC was designed to obtain verbal and performance IQ's from one uniformly standardized scale.
Still in use today, the fifth edition of The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-V) is regularly employed to measure a child's cognitive ability.
Dr. Aaron T. Beck was born. A world renowned pioneer of cognitive therapy (CT) Dr. Beck's prolific body of work consisting of over 600 articles and 25 books has profoundly influenced our understanding of the psychopathology of depression and suicide.
Among his many professional accolades, Dr. Aaron T. Beck was cited as 'one of the five most influential psychotherapists of all time' by The American Psychologist and in 1989 he received the American Psychological Association (APA) Distinguished Scientific Award for the Application of Psychology.
Carl Gustav Jung's M.D. degree was conferred by the University of Zurich. Jung's degree dissertation topic was the psychology and pathology of occult phenomena based upon his cousin's alleged mediumistic abilities.
Alexander Romanovich Luria was born. A founding figure within the field of cultural-historical psychology, Luria is also renowned for his pioneering work within neuropsychology, in particular his systematic research into the functional organization of memory and speech within the brain.
Among Luria's most influential published works were 'Higher Cortical Functions in Man' (1962), 'The Man with a Shattered World: The History of a Brain Wound' (1972) and 'The Working Brain' (1973).