Géza Révész was born. A pioneer of European psychology, Révész founded the journal 'Acta Psychologica,' along with David Katz in 1935. A prolific researcher, Révész produced an incredibly varied body of work exploring a range of topics including, the psychology of music, pedagogical psychology, language and thought, industrial psychology, psychological optics and medical psychology.
The author of twenty books and over a hundred articles, 'Psychology of a Musical Prodigy' (1925) and 'The Psychology and Art of the Blind' (1950) rank among his best known publications.
Ulric Neisser was born. A profoundly influential figure in the field of cognitive psychology, Neisser's classic book on the subject 'Cognitive Psychology' was instrumental in establishing cognitive psychology as a major psychological discipline and bestowed on Neisser the title 'father of cognitive psychology.'
A passionate proponent of ecologically driven 'real world' cognitive psychology, in 1983 Neisser founded the internationally renowned Emory University Cognition Project which remains an important forum for theoretical and empirical investigations of major topics in the field.
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Francis Cecil Sumner was born. A truly inspirational figure, Sumner became the first African American to earn a PhD in psychology in the United States. A highly respected academic, Sumner was an abstractor for Psychological Bulletin and the Journal of Social Psychology and conducted pioneering research in the field of racial bias and educational justice.
Florence Mateer was born. A pioneer in the field of experimental and clinical psychology, Mateer is best known for influential work on classical conditioning, intelligence testing and child psychopathology.
An inspirational trailblazer for women in the history of psychology, Mateer was part of a very select group of private practice clinical psychologists who held a doctoral degree at that time.
Volume 1 of The Psychoanalytic Review was published. Edited by William A. White and Smith Ely Jelliffe it was the first English-language journal dedicated to psychoanalysis. The very first article to appear in the journal, titled: The Theory of Psychoanalysis, was written by Carl Jung.
Still going strong today, The Psychoanalytic Review celebrated its centenary in 2013.
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Albert Bandura was born. A truly eminent psychologist, the world renowned Stanford University Professor's seminal work includes his landmark article 'Transmission of Aggression Through Imitation of Aggressive Models' published in 1961 and his classic book 'Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory' published in 1986. Albert Bandura's many professional awards include the American Psychological Foundation Gold Medal Award for Distinguished Lifetime Contribution to Psychological Science, which he received in 2006 along with the following citation.
'Professor Bandura is an extraordinarily innovative scholar whose pioneering work in social cognitive theory has served as a rich resource for academics, practitioners, and policy makers alike across disciplinary lines. His illustrative career includes groundbreaking work across a broad range of areas. His seminal research on social modeling expanded our view of human learning and the growing primacy of this mode of learning in this electronic era. His later research on self-regulatory mechanisms laid the theoretical foundation for his theory of human agency. These diverse programs of research blend his theoretical interests with an abiding concern for the use of our knowledge for human enlightenment and betterment.'