Nancy Bayley was born. A pioneering figure in the field of developmental psychology, Bayley is best known for the longitudinal Growth Study she conducted during her time at the University of California, Berkeley, which among other things helped establish standards of physical, motor and behavioral development.
In 1966 Bayley became the first woman to receive the American Psychological Association (APA) Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions. Also in recognition of a long and illustrious career, Bayley received the G. Stanley Hall Award for Distinguished Contributions to Developmental Psychology in 1971 and in 1982 the American Psychological Foundation Gold Medal award for her outstanding life's work in the behavioral sciences.
Albert Ellis was born. A hugely influential psychotherapist, Ellis is renowned for developing rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT); a specific cognitive behavioral approach rooted in Stoic philosophy designed to empower individuals to recognize, challenge and replace self-defeating thoughts with reasoned, well-being enhancing ways of thinking. Ellis began presenting his ideas to the psychological community in 1955 and in 1959 founded the Institute for Rational Living, a non-profit organization established to promote REBT and to provide accessible low-cost counseling to members of the public.
A prolific writer and teacher, Ellis wrote more than 75 books and 1,200 articles, recorded over 200 audio tapes and conducted countless REBT workshops and seminars. Honored throughout his career Ellis was named Humanist of the Year in 1971 and received the American Psychological Association (APA) award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Applied Research in 1985.
Quoted as saying "I'll retire when I'm dead, While I'm alive, I want to keep doing what I want to do," the inimitable Albert Ellis died on July 24th 2007 at the age of 93.
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was born. A Nobel prize winning physiologist and scientist, Pavlov's groundbreaking work on conditioned reflexes derived from his observations of the reflex regulation of the activity of the digestive glands in dogs had a profound impact on modern behavioral psychology; influencing the work of such luminaries as John B. Watson, Edward Thorndike and B.F. Skinner.
(Note: Sources drawing on the old style (O.S.) Julian calendar record Pavlov's date of birth as September 14th 1849)
Edmund Burke Delabarre was born. An eminent psychologist, researcher and academic, Delabarre is best known for his early work on visual phenomena, sensation and the law of contrast which famously features in William James's classic Principles of Psychology in 1890, along with the footnote "From the pen of my friend and pupil Mr. E. B. Delabarre."
During his long and distinguished career, Delabarre served as the Director of the Psychological Laboratory at Harvard University and Professor Emeritus of Psychology at Brown University.
Albert Bandura's landmark book "Social Learning Theory" was published in which the Stanford University psychologist sets out how new patterns of behavior can be acquired through direct experience or by observing the behavior of others. Social Learning Theory is a hugely influential piece of work, the basic tenets of which Bandura later expanded upon in "Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory," a book widely considered a modern classic within psychology.
Norma Estelle Cutts was born. A pioneer in the provision of school psychological services in the United States, her landmark publication in 1943 "How to Use Psychological Service in the Schools, A Guide to the Technique and Interpretation of the Individual Psychological Examination" was instrumental in establishing standards for training, certification, and practice.
Throughout the course of a long and distinguished career, Cutts wrote widely on a range of topics within an educational context, including, mental hygiene, discipline and intellectual giftedness. In a tribute to Norma Cutts published shortly after her death aged 96 in 1988, Thomas K. Fagan noted that "her friendship and contributions through most of American psychology's first century will be felt well into its next."
Robert Thorndike was born. A brilliant psychometrician, Thorndike is best known for his collaborative work with Irving Lorge and Elizabeth Hagen in developing measures of mental and scholastic ability which eventually became known as "Cognitive Ability Tests."
Among his many professional accolades, Thorndike served as president of the Psychometric Society and the American Educational Research Association and received the Butler Medal for Outstanding Service from Columbia University.